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Stefan and Franciszka Themerson
15 mins Black and White 35mm


The film was a visual interpretation of Anatol Stern's 1929 poem 'Europa'.

All prints of Europa were lost during the war, with only photographic fragments surviving. In 1973 the Themersons made the following reconstruction of the script:

— Grass growing —('animated' photogram; threads of cotton being cut frame by frame, turned in reverse, white on black)

— Leaves in the wind (photogram with motion of leaves made by moving the light source, negative and positive).

— Photomontage panorama (series of our photomontages penetrated and transfixed by light etc., among these one of sky-scrapers being cut along the top by scissors, frame by frame and turned in reverse).

— Boxer shadow boxing (Skulski, a fellow student from architecture)

— (Eligiusz — a model from the Academy, close-up frame by frame following the length of his body, from the head down to the boots, — the camera on a painting easel being let down frame by frame).

— A study of eating (the model: a chap met on the street who turned out to be a butcher), head eating, gobbling a steak (head level with the screen),
menu inscribed EUROPA (from the Hotel Europejski),
multiple image of a head eating slices of apple (eight) exposures on the same film, S.T. eating frame by frame, 'self-portrait'),
transmission belt carrying apple slices.

— Newspapers.

— Crumpled newspapers being stuffed into a mouth.

— Head and a microphone.

— Drawing by George Grosz (in the place of a heart: an animated motor frame by frame — this short was eliminated by the censors as they took the drawing to be a portrait of Prystor).

— Photomontage panorama from the cover of 'Europa' by Teresa Żarnower) and others.

Two figures (moulded from bread by a pair of inmates of the mental hospital in Twórki), a devil and a man in a straight jacket (the latter has a head that swivels; nods frame after frame).

— These shots interposed with a cut to: a helmeted soldier in the trenches throwing a grenade, a third cut to: barbed wire.

— Hand against a cross, a nail.

—Piano keyboard — jazz, etc.

—Photogram of a heart beating (white on black).

— Bayonet, belly (bayonet moved away).

—Photogram of hand — Roman numeral V — and XX against background of hips, numerals disappear, hips fill the screen.

— Sidewalk, sidewalk slabs close-up on crack, blade of grass grows into a tree.

— Tree dominates — leans — falls straight onto the camera.

Naked 'bacchantes' (models from the Academy) run straight at the camera, fragments of bodies, tearing apart electric wires etc. with their bare hands, a quick edit semi-abstract.

— Hips — bread — head.

— Photogram of a stomach.

— Close-up of skin.

— Photogram of a heart beating (as before, filling the screen).

— Against the heart (insert) tiny woman jumping from a diving board into the water (in the middle of the screen).

— Naked child wandering in a meadow (apparently the same shot as at the finish of The Adventure of a Good Citizen)

'The film faithfully passed on the motif of Stern's poem; a vision of Europe gone mad, blindly racing towards its own destruction. Changes in the tempo of narration and astonishing contrasts were introduced by using the single frame technique, eliminating certain phases of motion, intensive editing, condensed cuts, multiple images and repetition.'

Janusz Zagrodzki, 'Outsiders of the Avant-Garde', Stefan i Franciszka Themerson, Visual Researches, Muzeum Sztuki w Łodzi 1981

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